Wednesday, March 9, 2011

Acute diarrhea in children Laboratory examinations

Acute diarrhea in children
Laboratory examinations

The seat must be examined in terms of color, volume and consistency, but also for the presence of mucus, blood or leukocytes.

PH and glucose content of the seats are other clues for detecting the cause of diarrhea. If the pH is below 5.5 and glucose content is low, the causes noninfectious diarrhea (intolerance to disaccharides). An alkaline pH of the seats indicates the origin of bacterial diarrhea.

Stool is a diagnostic examination of germs that cause diarrhea. Examination may reveal seats for parasites Giardia lamblia, present in some outbreaks of diarrhea in the collectivity of children.

Fluorescence microscopy or ELISA (Enzyme Linked immuno Sorbent Assay) is used for rotaviruses.

Other tests that may be performed are abdominal ultrasound and coloscopiile are made in cases of severe diarrhea.

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