Thursday, June 23, 2011

Cleft palate, cleft lip and cheilo-palato-schizis

Cleft palate or cleft palate velo-craniofacial malformation is a palace where the bone and soft (oral cavity floor) have not developed normally during pregnancy, remaining on the midline nefuzionate totally or partially, leaving a cleft which may continue until the cavity nose.
Cleft lip, cleft or hare lip is one of the most common congenital deformities. The condition is due to insufficient mesenchymal migration during primary palate formation of week 4 until 7 of pregnancy. Cleft lip and palate is called cheilo-palato-schizis or mouth of the wolf.
Velo-palatine cleft may involve any part of the soft palate (uvula) or hard. May be the only birth defect or be associated with other defects viscerocraniului (front) or the skull itself. Usually associated with cleft lip, upper or lower, or both: cheilo-palato-schizis or mouth of the wolf.
Cleft palate and the velo-lip are the most common craniofacial birth defects. Surgically untreated they interfere with spoken language and normal oral diet. Can be determined by genetic factors and environmental, although the exact relationship is not yet known Ditr─âu them. If one parent has presented this defect snasele its children to develop it in turn is much higher than in the general population. The risk increases if the mother during pregnancy and consumed illicit drug, drugs, or infection was subjected to radiation, smoking or drinking alcohol.
Some forms of cleft palate are obvious anatomical birth as distinct facial deformities occur. But the appearance of a newborn girl not always indicate the seriousness of the condition. The most important indicator is the location of cleft severity. For example, a small cleft, which is not visible may have an impact on the child's life due to damage to spoken language, much more than an observable. Children with cleft palate generally have difficulty eating because they can not suck and swallow properly.
Cleft palate and the velo-lip can be detected immediately after birth printrun thorough physical examination and post-test breast feeding. Fetal ultrasound can sometimes detect facial deformities mend major cause, even from 14-16 weeks of pregnancy, especially if it occurs with cleft lip.
Velo-palate cleft treatment involves special diet tips for a sick child as definitive therapy, surgery to repair the defect. Intervention is best between 12 and 18 months of life. It usually takes several procedures and interventions. Surgical repair of cleft palate is finalized velo-up to the age of 10 years of the child. Some children with cleft palate develop problems that require special treatment, such as shortness of spoken language and hearing, sinus and ear infections or complications following surgery to repair the defect. Frequently occur and teeth problems, such as supernumerary teeth, lack of teeth or abnormally implanted teeth.

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