Thursday, June 23, 2011

Malnutrition - Causes

Inadequate dietary intake is the most common cause ofmalnutrition, especially in underdeveloped countries and may have the following causes: maternal hipogalactia (Decreased milk production), diversification of eating late, improper dilution of milk,eating difficulties (abnormalities of the mouth, regurgitationchronic, chronic vomiting).

Other causes are infections and repeated or train:bronchopneumonia, chronic urinary infections, diarrhea, syphilis, tuberculosis.
In developed countries, however, chronic disease plays animportant role in the etiology of malnutrition.
Chronic diseases generally associated with nutritional deficienciesare:
  - Cystic fibrosis
  - Chronic Kidney Disease
  - Malignancy
  - Congenital heart disease
  - Neuromuscular diseases
  - Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
Risk factors for occurrence of nutritional deficiencies:
  - Low birth weight (prematurity)
  - In-vitro toxin exposure (alcohol, etc.).
  - Unfavorable social conditions

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