Thursday, November 15, 2012



With nicotine gum, former smoker can decide when ingesting nicotine, allowing immediate reaction to feelings of lack of nicotine.

Nicotine gum is a fast-acting substitute that enters the body through the oral mucosa. It comes in two doses: 2 mg for patients with moderate dependence or 4 mg for smokers with strong dependence. Not require a prescription.
Food intake may affect the absorption of nicotine. At least 15 minutes before and during gum use, avoid acidic foods and drinks: coffee, juices, etc.

People who smoke more than one pack of cigarettes per day, or every 30 minutes can start with a dose of 4 mg. A maximum of 20 gums per day and have tapered over 1 to 3 months. Using nicotine gum should not exceed 6 months.
An advantage of chewing gum is able to control the dose of nicotine. Gum can be chewed "as needed" or according to a schedule (at 1 to 2 hours). Recent data show that scheduled doses are more effective.
Possible side effects:
  - Bad taste
  - Throat irritation
  - Nausea and vomiting
  - tachycardia
Long-term dependence is a possible risk of nicotine gums. In fact, studies show that between 15% and 20% of former smokers continue to consume nicotine gum for a year or more. Although the maximum recommended use is 6 months gums consumption is considered to be less dangerous than going back to smoking.
Health effects caused by prolonged use of nicotine gums are not yet known.

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