Wednesday, November 7, 2012

Dislocated shoulder - first aid

Dislocated shoulder - first aid 
The shoulder is a joint spheroidal, consists of three main bones: the humerus (arm bone that makes up), clavicle and scapula (shoulder blade, bone face most of the shoulder and chest area). Humerus participate in joint composition with a globular surface that enters a spherical cavity of the scapula and the outer edge of which is connected by a system of ligaments - connective tissue - to form the joint. Scholarships - fluid-filled sacks or bags shaped formations - and lining surrounding the bones, allowing movement. Muscles, including the trapezius, deltoid, pectorals and latissimus dorsi, exert pressure above, below or around the shoulder joint giving it stability. Tendons - all connective tissue - connects these muscles to bones. Allows the hand and arm movements in space, on all three directions.
A dislocated shoulder is a number "out of joint". Occurs when the humeral bone protruding out of joint out, usually in front or above the shoulder joint. In severe cases, ligaments, tendons, as well as other parts are made of crushed tissue and lesions nerves and blood vessels can lead to paralysis of the hand and arm.Injury can be caused by trauma such as a direct blow, a fall on the shoulder or hand and outstretched arm. Predisposition for shoulder dislocation can also be genetic, especially those whose shoulder "salt" or "out" often or easily. Often members of the same family may suffer from the same condition. In some cases, dislocation can occur during sleep. Shoulder dislocation is common in sports brutal melee contact, especially football. Other sports in which injuries can occur: descent on skis, hockey, volleyball and rugby.
What are the symptoms of shoulder dislocations?Intense pain when injury. Limitation of movement at the shoulder. Edema, ecchymosis (bruising) and internal bleeding. Shoulder sit locked in a strange position, with an elevation prominent under the skin on top.
What are the first steps to be taken?Use an ice pack to reduce swelling. This will help to stop internal bleeding, thus reducing edema.Seek medical advice for establishing and applying treatment at an orthopedic office or emergency room (people with recurrent dislocations sometimes fail to "put in place" alone shoulder). Shoulder can be immobilized with a splint or bandage, which will help heal the lesion.
Treatment recommended by your doctor. You can take a painkiller (pain medication) or a combination of codeine with aspirin or paracetamol. It can manage a NSAID to relieve pain but also swelling.
Avoid sports activities until the shoulder has not had sufficient time to heal. Sleep may take three to six weeks, depending on the extent of injury. The agreement dealing with your doctor, you can begin to do exercises - or at home, given even a doctor - a professor of sport or physical therapy to strengthen the muscles around the shoulder.
What are the effects of long-term shoulder disclocatiei?In case of complete healing and done correctly, can resume work shoulder to normal movement. Sometimes surgery is needed to remove damaged ligaments.
To prevent recurrences, avoid situations where it is exposed shoulder. Wear pads or hanger that can absorb any possible breakdown and muscle toning shoulder region, using weights and perform exercises under the supervision of a professor of sport. Muscle toning exercises also help to strengthen tendons and ligaments. Initially use an ice pack to reduce swelling and then warm compresses to speed the healing. Heat treatment helps to dilate blood vessels and capillaries in the wound around it, leading to increased blood flow.It is necessary to consult your doctor first shoulder dislocation to establish a recovery program and a treatment for relapse prevention.

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