Monday, November 12, 2012

Oral health in pregnancy

Oral health in pregnancy

Since you are now pregnant, wearing a double responsibility. Pregnancy affects nearly every aspect of a woman's life, including oral health, which should be a priority during pregnancy.

Dentifrices no recommendations for their maintenance during this period. Your dentist can help you with advice on oral hygiene and implementation of a prevention program to prevent further complications.
Oral health in pregnancy
What, how and what?

Pregnancy gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum tissue, gum papilla and free edge occurs due to hormonal changes caused by pregnancy associated with plaque.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy lead to changes in blood vessels and connective tissue in the oral cavity. Thus, it can reach a pronounced predisposition to gum inflammation, manifested, for example, by repeated bleeding gums. Bleeding gums in pregnancy is about 50-100% of cases. On the other hand, increased appetite and need for sweets can lead to decay. Suffer teeth and under the action of vomiting, which is acid, present in early pregnancy. Also, the enamel in this period and aggressive acts acidiatate stomach.
Oral health in pregnancy
During pregnancy, gum color varies from bright red to red purple. Gum pain occur only during acute infection of superinfection. During the first trimester of pregnancy gingivitis occurs due to increased production of pituitary gonadotropins and becomes evident in the last quarter, when progesterone and estrogen have the highest

The main signs of gum disease are:

Hyperplasia of pregnancy - gum is swollen (especially in the front of the mouth), increased volume, shiny, soft consistency, especially tooth off from the interdental papilla.

Bleeding - some women are very abundant, occurs at low touch and is due hipervascularizatiei the gingival mucosa.

What can I do to my teeth?

To remove the risk of cavities and gum inflammation during pregnancy should maintain strict hygiene of the mouth. Among the recommended actions are:

- Removal of plaque and tartar (if possible in the early stages of pregnancy as) by scaling supragingival and subgingival minimal trauma, followed by brushing.

- Educate pregnant patients for proper daily hygiene.

- Using a fluorine-rich solution for rinsing the mouth (mouth waters) and a gel for brushing teeth.

- A healthy diet, which contain small amounts of sugar and carbon dioxide.

- Information, advice and regular checkups to the dentist.

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