Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Early detection of breast cancer

Population at high risk for breast cancer:• Women whose mothers, sisters or other close relatives have had breast cancer• nuliparele or women who had their first pregnancy at age 35 years• celibatarele• Women who are not breastfeeding• Early menarche (before age 12) and / or late menopause (50 years)• vartsa over 40 years• mammary dysplasia in history• women who had a breast cancer (high risk of developing the other, even after 10 years)• Prolonged estrogen therapy after menopause
Early detection is based on:• careful and systematic clinical examination of the breast and nodal areas• nipple for evidence of leakage expression (if any is taken for cytology)•-monthly self-exam, preferably 7-8 days after the menstrual bleeding and the increased risk to self-examination once again mid cycle. Breast self-examination consists of inspection in the mirror, hands besides copra, then over his head and then push the hips to allow contraction of the pectoral edge, be followed breast size and shape, eVent, is prominent or asymmetry, skin appearance, areolas and nipples. Then, supine, palpate your breasts should systematically opposite hand fingers. Any abnormality should prompt immediate presentation to the doctor• examination specialist centers includes all high risk cases or where clinical examination detected a possible fault and consists of various laboratory investigations, particularly mammography• Breast ultrasound in case of mammary dysplasia is very useful for the differential diagnosis of cystic formations of the solid By the age of 30 years is recommended monthly breast self-exam.Between 30-40 years are recommended clinical examination by a specialist once a year with a mammogram first exam. Mammography will not be repeated only exceptionally, when clinical examination requires such investigation.Between 40 and 49 years to 2 years and a mammogram yearly clinical examination. Over 50 annual clinical examination and mammography.

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